Diamonds, symbol of love the world over.
I. History of the Diamond
The word "diamond" comes from the Greek word "adamas" which means unconquerable, symbolic of the eternity of love. Diamond was discovered in ancient India around 500 B.C. and ever since, diamonds have been the traditional symbol of love. Various cultures believed they were pieces of stars, hardened dew drops, or frozen lightning. These beliefs supported myths of diamonds ability to counter the effects of astrological events, and bring luck and success. Monarchs wore diamonds as charms, and symbols of power, believing in their ability to heighten sexual prowess and attract others. Plato even described diamonds as living beings and celestial spirits. Diamonds are the hardest substance, a crystallized carbon with unique powers of light refraction. Diamond is the purest of all gemstones, being pure crystallized carbon. The diamondís rarity and natural beauty make the diamond a special and magical gift. Diamond is usually a colorless stone. Some other occasional colors are, blue, yellow, amber, red, green, pink.
II. The value of Diamonds, The Four C's
A diamond is one of the largest purchases most people make in life. To purchase wisely, you must know exactly what you are purchasing, and what makes two diamonds that may appear similar, have vastly different appraisal values.
Cut is the factor that determines the brilliance of a diamond. We are referring to two things, the first being the shape of the diamond. Second is the quality of the facet proportions. A classic round brilliant cut diamond has 58 facets - 33 on the top, 24 on the bottom and the culet ( 1 point at the bottom - another tiny facet ). Each of the stone's facets must be placed by the diamond cutter in exact geometric relation to one another. Quality diamonds must be properly cut and not "spread", which means that the proper proportions are compromised to make the stone weigh more. Many cutters choose to sacrifice some of the diamond's beauty to achieve a stone that is a larger carat weight. Poorly cut diamonds are significantly cheaper than a well proportioned diamond. Though two diamonds may have the same weight, they may not be the same size.Cut, more than any other quality aspect, gives the diamond its sparkle.
Classic Shapes :
Clarity refers to how many flaws (inclusions) are in the diamond. To determine a diamonds clarity grade, it must be examined loose, under magnification. Inclusions make every diamond unique, and in most cases do not lower diamond's beauty or it's durability. The fewer the inclusions, the more brilliant and more expensive the diamond. Flawless diamonds are extremely rare.
Clarity Grades :
- Internally Flawless and Very very slightly included-
No internal blemishes are visible under 10x magnification
- Very slightly included -
Blemishes and inclusions difficult to locate under 10x magnification
- Slightly included -
Blemishes and inclusions easy to locate under 10x magnification
- Imperfect -
Blemishes and inclusions easy to locate under 10x magnification and naked eye
The more transparent and colorless the diamond, the more valuable. Diamonds may appear colorless to the eye, the majority contain traces of yellow or light brown. Depending on the stone's size, a single increase in color grade can boost a value of a diamond by thousands per carat. A traditional engagement diamond is colorless or near colorless.
Diamonds can also occur in shades of red, pink, blue, green and deep yellow. Color is not so much white versus yellow, as light versus dark. A white diamond will look very clean, crisp, and brilliant. A yellow diamond will not really look yellow, as it will look darker and dirty, without nearly the proper sparkle. It is the lack of color in a diamond that allows the light to pass through the stone and disperse that beauty back to you. These are differences that you can clearly see for yourself.
Color GradesDiamonds are graded on an alphabetical scale
- D - vary rare considered pure white
- E and F are referred to as "colorless" or "rare white"
- G progressing to Z , Z being very yellow brown, or dark looking
Carat Weight is the standard measure of a diamond's size.
Size alone is almost meaningless unless you consider cut, clarity and color. A large stone is not very valuable if it lacks brilliance, purity and high-grade color . For the reason that large stones are harder to find than small ones, size does increase the value of a good diamond. One carat is divided into 100 points. Carat weight is the easiest of the four c's to determine. Some jewelers approximate carat weight, "rounding" a diamond of 45 points, and represent it as "approximately" a 1/2 carat(50 points). You should know that is what you are buying by exact weight, and pay accordingly.
No two diamonds are exactly alike, and Jeffrey Jewelry can help you weigh all of the factors - cut, clarity, color,and carat weight. Let Jeffrey help you get full value for your diamond buying dollar. Often we see large, poor grade diamonds purchased at "discount" prices, but these are no bargain! Trust our years of experience in the wholesale trade to find you just the right stone at the right price.